This article is several years old (2011) but nevertheless provides an accurate and detailed description of the informal electronics recycling sector in India, and the environmental and human health challenges that country faces.
In India, as in other developing countries, waste management is a complex issue due to the presence of the multitude of stakeholders, some of whom are outside the ambit of the law. The strategies for waste management adopted thus far have been, the legislating of norms and policies, awareness generation, incentives and taxation and setting up institutional infrastructure for recycling and disposal. The allocation of responsibility under existing legislation is another problem area; while certain activities are monitored by the states, the federal government is responsible for others. Moreover, the lack of an efficient enforcement mechanism makes the existing legislation on e-waste management ineffective.
Reprinted here with the permission of the authors (Ashish Chaturvedi, Rachna Arora, and Ulrike Killguss).
UPDATE (August 11, 2015): It has been brought to our attention that this article is no longer available online. If the article becomes available again, we will link to it here.