After aspects and hazards have been identified, the method to manage and control hazards (R2:2013 Guidance, sections 4.5, 4.7) must be determined. Controls typically include training, procedures, and work instructions where necessary. For example, if you use a Forklift in your operation you should develop operating rules, operator training, and operator qualification tests. There are many resources available online in most of these general topics. The control of aspects and hazards are consistent with the clauses for operational control in your environmental health and safety standards.
Results of your aspect and hazard identification and applicable regulations may determine that monitoring and sampling protocols (R2:2013 Guidance, section 4.8) are required. In the example of Forklift operations, a monitoring protocol would be implementing a daily pre-use inspection. Creating an inspection form, training forklift operators to use the form, and continually reviewing the completed checklists would satisfy this requirement.
Qualified personnel should determine what protection is needed for personnel (R2:2013 Guidance, section 4.9) and other visitors to the workplace, as well as controls in place to manage environmental aspects. This is usually determined through a job hazard assessment of each task.
R2:2013 Provision 4 also requires identification of emergency situations and exceptional circumstances. Emergency response plans (R2:2013 Guidance, section 4.11) should be developed, tested and updated as necessary considering the types of emergencies that may occur in your region. This may include spills, fires, earthquakes, tornados, etc. In addition, you should consider security incidents by employees or outside the facility that may require different responses rather than evacuation.
Provision 4 also identifies the different types of controls, including engineering controls, administrative controls, and personal protective equipment (PPE), the recycler must consider to ensure EH&S regulatory compliance and control of the identified EH&S risks. These controls are required to be implemented in order of the listed priority. Standard best practices require the use of engineering controls were feasible, over administrative or personal protective equipment. See examples to the right: