New labeling requirements for reusable equipment were introduced in R2:2013 to strengthen the standard and offer safeguards for buyers of refurbished electronics. Provision 6 requires that all items for resale must clearly be labelled with one of three designations:
- Tested for Full functions, R2/Ready for Reuse
- Tested for Key Functions, R2/Ready for Resale
- Evaluated and Non-Functioning, R2/Ready for Repair
Appropriate labeling must be included on at least one document tied to each sale such as the Bill of Sale, Sales Order, Product Description, Invoice, or other accompanying documentation. Regardless of the assigned category for reuse, all reusable products must be covered by a quality assurance plan and be wiped of all data. Using a laptop as an example, the descriptions below illustrate the differences between the three labels.
Tested for Full Functions, R2/Ready for Reuse Products with this label are sold to end users and are equivalent to new products, ready to be used out of the box with minimal setup. All the functions of the laptop, including battery life, sound, video, drives, memory, processor, keyboard, etc., have been tested and found working. The laptop has also been evaluated for cosmetic defects to ensure that deep scratches, broken latches, missing pieces, etc. are not present. Finally, the laptop is loaded with a legally licensed operating system and updated hardware drivers. \
Tested for Key Functions, R2/Ready for Resale Many times buyers do not want the software loaded so that they can customize equipment for their customers. Or perhaps the equipment was tested with a common hard drive that was removed before sale. Equipment that has passed hardware tests for key functions, but that has missing components, hardware issues of secondary functions, or repairable cosmetic damages would be considered R2/Ready for Resale. These defects must be clearly disclosed to the buyer in writing. Products in this category could conceivably be tested as a whole unit, harvested for parts, and sold as individual parts instead of the whole unit.
Evaluated and Non-Functioning, R2/Ready for Repair provides maximum opportunity for reuse by routing equipment that is economically feasible to repair, to those refurbishers with the tools and qualifications to fix it. The equipment must be evaluated prior to sale to ensure that the resale value will exceed the cost of repairs, and that the equipment is capable of being repaired. R2/Ready for Repair equipment may only be sold to refurbishers or resellers that are qualified to test the equipment, and recycle the Focus Materials according to Provision 6(c)(3)(B). Without meeting both requirements, this equipment must be recycled.